The Internet of Things will fundamentally change all industries, from agriculture to transportation to healthcare. In the next few decades, nearly everything in our world will become connected.
The rapid developments in IoT technology are bringing the promise of an exciting and convenient future. Soon nearly every piece of technology we use will be part of an always-on always-connected web of smart sensors and data feedback devices. That will enable things like self-driving vehicles and real-time telemedicine. It will also unleash a torrent of data traffic across the Internet. The abstract three-word buzz phrase that describes the concept can mask the messiness and complexity of what the internet of things is. It’s a description of countless different use cases in every possible industry vertical.
As more and more companies adopt IoT, the task of building and deploying an IoT project is getting tougher. Challenges are plenty but with a sound understanding of the IoT platform and its infrastructure, can increase your chances of making a successful transition in any industry. Five things are making up an IoT infrastructure are IoT platforms, access technologies, data storage & processing, data analytics, and security. An essential part of any internet-connected device, these five pillars are what enable growth for future IoT solutions. While all five pillars of the IoT infrastructure are important.
Internet of Things platform consists of following functions which include :
- Hardware – Comprises of sensors or controllers and collect data from the environment e.g (sends alerts if anyone tries to tamper with the asset) and perform accordingly.
- Complete IoT system needs software – Software is hosted in the cloud and is responsible for analyzing the data it’s collecting from the sensors and making decisions e.g (fuel level monitoring by controlling drivers aggressive driving)
- Complete lot system needs connectivity – The hardware needs a way to transmit all that data to the cloud or needs a way to receive commands from the cloud. For some IoT systems, there can be an intermediate step between hardware and connecting to the cloud, such as a gateway or routers.
- A communication network – A user interface is required by the user to interact with the system. A web-based app with a dashboard for the user to take action according to the data analyzed by the lot system. e.g (real-time monitoring).
IoT platforms are the support pillars that connects everything in an IoT system. IoT system facilitates communication, data flow, device management and functionality of the application. Collectively, the above solutions are referred to as the value chain of IoT. One of the main objectives of IoT is connecting devices. An IoT platform ensures this by providing the basic layer of services with interoperability between nodes, cloud services as well as basic IP networking, security, application layer, and device management. An IoT platform provides all the key ingredients to build secure and efficient IoT applications. Thus IoT can be looked upon with different perspectives. It is commonly referred to as middleware when we talk about how it connects remote devices to user applications and manages all the interactions between the hardware and the application layers.
IoT CLOUD COMPUTING
Cloud computing involves delivering data, applications, photos, videos and more over the internet to data centers. The internet of things is the term for the connection of devices to the internet. Automobiles, kitchen appliances, and heart monitors could all be connected to IoT. Cloud computing is a way for businesses to use the internet to connect to off-premise storage and compute infrastructure. The IoT is generating an unprecedented amount of data, which in turn puts a tremendous strain on the Internet infrastructure. companies are working to find ways to alleviate that pressure and solve the data problem.
The cloud provides a scalable way for companies to manage all aspects of an IoT deployment including device location and management, billing, security protocols, data analysis and more. Cloud services also allow developers to leverage powerful tools to create IoT applications and deliver services quickly.
IOT DATA ANALYTICS
The objective of data analytics is to harness the data to discover trends and results that can help evolve business efficiently and make a positive impact on the market. A great amount of data have been produced since the past decade as the miniaturization increases such data is not useful without analytic power. Companies are gathering huge volumes of information from all kinds of connected objects, such as data about how consumers are using certain products, the performance of corporate assets, and the environmental conditions in which systems operate. By applying advanced analytics to these incoming streams of data, organizations can gain new insights that can help them make more informed decisions about which actions to take and implement, with companies placing IoT sensors on more and more objects, the volumes of incoming data will continue to grow.
“Sensor-based computing is a core trend in digital transformation”. Operational intelligence using condition-based monitoring assures organizations about the health of sensor-attached devices, machines and systems. Depending on the use case, applying machine learning [ML] to sensor data is aimed at predicting the probability of outages, propensity to buy, health problems, etc. Applying ML to sensor data in combination with data from enterprise applications can also fundamentally change how an organization works.
Security is an important aspect in IOT infrastructure to look upon because it can ensure the smooth working of all the functionalities in an operational system. Connected devices can give your business a real boost, but anything that’s connected to the Internet can be vulnerable to cyber attacks. IoT security is the technology area concerned with safeguarding connected devices and networks in the internet of things. The internet of things will also transform the way governments defend their nation. As IoT security becomes more prominent. It has already been started using remotely controlled drones in combat situations, and many are looking ahead to using robots to carry out military missions.
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